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Samuel Ortiz

Undergraduate Major: History

Future Plans: Ph.D. in History

Samuel Ortiz

Samuel Ortiz was born in Daytona Beach, Florida and raised in Oviedo, Florida. He is pursuing a bachelor's degree in History at the University of Central Florida. Through his research, he seeks to analyze diverse historical sources to better understand the various perspectives on the survival of South Florida Indians. He is currently researching the relationship Doña Antonia and Pedro Menendez had in the New World. He plans to obtain his Ph.D. in History and become a Digital Archivist.

The Inconvenience of the Institution of Slavery: A Comparative History of Zephaniah Kingsley and Thomas Jefferson's Philosophy on the Morality of Slavery

Conducted at University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill as part of the Moore Undergraduate Research Apprentice Program

Mentors: Anna Agbe-Davies, Ph.D., Department of Anthropology, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill

Abstract: This project is an analysis of the philosophical writings of plantation owners Zephaniah Kingsley and Thomas Jefferson during the antebellum period. Zephaniah Kingsley was a proslavery advocate yet he married an enslaved woman, recognized their children and emancipated them all during his lifetime. Thomas Jefferson, one of the founders of the Declaration of Independence, espoused antislavery views yet he owned slaves. This investigation explores several factors that pushed Zephaniah Kingsley to practice a different ideology compared to Thomas Jefferson's and a different system of slavery from other southern plantation owners. I argue that Kingsley and Jefferson's ideals on slavery rest on the tenets of the Racial Formation Theory formed by Omi and Winant which posit that race and racism in a society change over time based on religious, political, economic, and social systems. This work examines the way respective social environments of these plantation owners influenced their views on the enslavement of black people and the institution of slavery. Not only did these men have atypical philosophies on the institution of slavery, they also represented another complexity on how southern white men thought.

Asserting Four Indigenous Women’s identity in a Colonial Setting: A Comparative Analysis of Doña Antonia, Sacagawea, Kateri Tekakwitha, and Pocahontas’ Responses to Marriage

Conducted at the University of Central Florida as part of the Honors in the Major and McNair Program

Mentors: Dr. Daniel Murphree Ph.D., Department of History, University of Central Florida

Abstract: Through his research, he sought to analyze diverse historical sources to better understand the various perspectives on the survival of Native American women. He has investigated on Pocahontas, Sacajawea, St. Kateri, and Doña Antonia. From the sources of mostly men's perspective, they can still provide a better portrayal of these indigenous women. Even when they are skewed, the misinterpretation about these women can give more insight of who they are and who they are not. The study explores these indigenous women's efforts in regards to the internal and external marriage pressures they faced and how these pressures affected their decisions.